Chest pain can be caused by anything from muscle pain to a heart attack and should never be ignored.
You should call 999 for an ambulance immediately if you develop sudden severe chest pain, particularly if:
If the discomfort is only minor or has resolved, it may be more appropriate to either see your GP, call NHS 111, or attend a local walk-in centre.
Chest pain isn’t always caused by a problem with your heart, but it can sometimes be a symptom of:
Both of these conditions can cause a dull, heavy or tight pain in the chest that can spread to the arms, neck, jaw or back. They can also cause additional symptoms, such as breathlessness and nausea.
The main differences between these conditions is that chest pain caused by angina tends to be triggered by physical activity or emotional stress, and gets better with rest after a few minutes. If you have previously been diagnosed with angina, the pain may also be relieved by your angina medication.
Symptoms that last more than 15 minutes, occur at rest, and include sweating and vomiting are more likely to be caused by a heart attack.
Dial 999 immediately to request an ambulance if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack, or if you have the symptoms above and haven’t been diagnosed with a heart condition. If you have an angina attack and you’ve previously been diagnosed with the condition, take the medication prescribed for you. A second dose can be taken after five minutes if the first dose is ineffective. If there is no improvement five minutes after the second dose, call an ambulance.
Most chest pain is not heart-related and isn’t a sign of a life-threatening problem. Some common causes of chest pain are outlined below. This information should give you an idea of whether these conditions may be causing your chest pain, but you should always seek medical advice to make sure you get a proper diagnosis.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition where acid from the stomach comes up into the oesophagus (gullet).
Common symptoms of GORD include:
These symptoms usually occur soon after you’ve eaten and get worse if you bend over or lie down. GORD can often be treated by making lifestyle changes and, if necessary, using medication.
If your chest is painful and tender to touch, it may be caused by a strained muscle in your chest wall. This can be surprisingly painful, but with rest the pain should ease and the muscle will heal in time.
If you have pain, swelling and tenderness around your ribs, and the pain is made worse by lying down, breathing deeply, coughing or sneezing, you may have a condition called costochondritis.
This is caused by inflammation in the joints between the cartilage that joins the ribs to the breastbone (sternum). The symptoms often improve after a few weeks and may be relieved by painkillers.
Some episodes of chest pain occur as part of an anxiety or panic attack.
In addition to chest pain and overwhelming feelings of anxiety, these attacks can cause symptoms such as heart palpitations, sweating, breathlessness and dizziness.
Most panic attacks last for 5 to 20 minutes. In the long-term, you may benefit from psychological therapy and medication, or both.
If you have sharp chest pain that gets worse when you breathe in and out, and is accompanied by other symptoms such as a cough and breathlessness, it may be caused by a condition affecting the lungs or surrounding tissue, such as:
Mild cases of pneumonia can usually be treated with antibiotics, rest and fluids. For people with other health conditions, the condition can be severe and they may need to be treated in hospital.
Treatment for pleurisy will depend on the underlying cause. Pleurisy caused by a viral infection will often resolve without needing treatment, whereas pleurisy caused by a bacterial infection will usually need to be treated with antibiotics. Again, people who are frail or already in poor health may need to be admitted to hospital for treatment.
There are many other potential causes of chest pain, including:
Some of these conditions can be very serious. Make sure you seek medical advice so you can be correctly diagnosed and treated.
Read More ON:
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Treating a Heart Attack
Causes of a Heart Attack
Symptoms of Heart Failure
Diagnosing Heart Failure
Causes of Heart Failure
Treating Heart Failure
Preventing Heart Failure
Symptoms of Angina
Causes of Angina
Source: NHS UK