Kidney stones are stone-like lumps that can develop in one or both of the kidneys.
The medical name for stones in the kidneys is nephrolithiasis. If the stones cause severe pain, this is known as renal colic.
Small stones may be passed out painlessly in the urine and may even go undetected. However, it is fairly common for a stone to block part of the urinary system, such as:
If this happens, it can cause severe pain in the abdomen or groin and sometimes causes a urinary tract infection. Read More About: Symptoms of Kidney Stones
The waste products in the blood can occasionally form crystals that collect inside the kidneys. Over time, the crystals may build up to form a hard stone-like lump.
This is more likely to happen if you don’t drink enough fluids, are taking some types of medication, or have a medical condition that raises the levels of certain substances in your urine. Read More About: Causes of Kidney Stones
After a kidney stone has formed, your body will try to pass it out of the body in urine. This means it will often travel through the urinary system (the kidneys, kidney tubes and bladder).
Kidney stones are quite common and usually affect people aged 30 to 60 years. They affect men more than women. It is estimated that renal colic affects about 10-20% of men and 3-5% of women.
Most kidney stones are small enough to be passed in your urine, and it may be possible to treat the symptoms at home with medication.
Larger stones may need to be broken up with X-rays or ultrasound in hospital, or you may need to have them surgically removed. Read More About: Treating Kidney Stones
It is estimated that up to half of all people who have had kidney stones will experience them again within the following five years.
To avoid getting kidney stones, make sure you drink plenty of water each day so that you don’t become dehydrated. It is very important to keep your urine diluted to prevent waste products forming into kidney stones.
Read More ON:
Symptoms of kidney infection
Causes of Kidney Infection
Treating Kidney Infection
Diagnosing Kidney Infection
Chronic Kidney Disease
Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease
Diagnosing Chronic Kidney Disease
Treating Chronic Kidney Disease
Causes of Chronic kidney Disease
Diagnosing Kidney Cancer
Treating Kidney Cancer
Side Effects of Dialysis
Source: NHS UK