The signs and symptoms of dyslexia differ from person to person. Each individual with the condition will have a unique pattern of strengths and weaknesses.
Some of the most common signs of dyslexia are outlined below.
In some cases, it’s possible to detect symptoms of dyslexia before a child starts school. Symptoms can include:
Symptoms of dyslexia usually become more obvious when children start school and begin to focus more on learning how to read and write.
Symptoms of dyslexia in children aged 5-12 include:
Phonological awareness is the ability to recognise that words are made up of smaller units of sound (phonemes) and that changing and manipulating phonemes can create new words and meanings.
A child with poor phonological awareness may not be able to correctly answer these questions:
Young children with dyslexia can also have problems with “word attack” skills. This is the ability to make sense of unfamiliar words by looking for smaller words or collections of letters that a child has previously learnt.
For example, a child with good word attack skills may read the word “sunbathing” for the first time and gain a sense of the meaning of the word by breaking it down into “sun”, “bath”, and “ing”.
As well as the problems mentioned above, the symptoms of dyslexia in older children and adults can include:
If you’re concerned about your child’s progress with reading and writing, first talk to their school teacher.
If you or your child’s teacher has an ongoing concern, take your child to visit a GP so they can check for signs of any underlying health issues, such as hearing or vision problems, that could be affecting their ability to learn.
If your child doesn’t have any obvious underlying health problems to explain their learning difficulties, different teaching methods may need to be tried, or you may want to request an assessment to identify any special needs they may have.
If you’re an adult and think you may have dyslexia, you may want to arrange a dyslexia assessment through your local Dyslexia Action Centre or a local dyslexia association. Read More About: Diagnosing Dyslexia.
SOURCE: NHS UK