The Somalia Stability Fund (SSF) is a multi-donor fund working towards a peaceful, secure, and stable Somalia. It offers Somali stakeholders a source of multi-year funding that can respond to local needs and opportunities.
The Stability Fund aims to contribute to enhancing stability in Somalia through the following programmatic outputs:
SSF invites eligible and qualified entities (“Bidders”) to submit proposals in response to this RFP for the Provision of Consultant Services for a Multi-Regional Somalia Land Conflict Research Facility (SSFMR-042-C01).
In order to address this wide-ranging issue of land conflict, SSF wishes to procure a consultant under a framework contract to provide research into land conflict in Somalia. Under this type of contract, the Fund would procure a consultant with whom individual pieces of research can be determined and undertaken.
It is anticipated that between one and three pieces of research will be conducted through this framework agreement, with the intention that through deeper understanding and analysis, a targeted theory of change can emerge that can guide effective interventions for land conflict transformation.
Likely research pieces include:
Of the three research pieces, the literature review will be the first to be undertaken, and drawing upon findings here, will guide and help refine the scope and parameters of pieces 2 and 3 which may be subject to revision.
Research 1- Literature review: To perform a literature review on the issue of land conflict in Somalia and identify the main facets of land conflict, the current thinking, understanding and analysis around these facets, identify gaps in analysis and the prevailing challenges as understood by the literature pertaining to land conflict that require redress.
Despite a plethora of literature, the identification of an effective mechanism for resolving land conflict remains elusive. The Somalia Stability Fund, in recognising the centrality of the land question to contemporary political conflict and long term political and social reconciliation, intends to devise an effective theory of change that can work to address the issue of land conflict in a transformative manner. Any theory of change or design of an intervention will need to be cognisant of the contextual limitations, obstacles and opportunities. A starting point for this, is the completion of a comprehensive literature review.
Land Research 2: What is the intersection between contemporary Somali state formation political processes and the manifestation of land conflict?
The introduction of new forms of political governance and power sharing are creating new incentives for land conflict or land appropriation and are shifting the power, status and influence in both positive and negative ways for social groups. While there has been anthropological research into cultural understandings of residency and clan homeland, there is a need to situate this in relation to contemporary state formation process and how state formation and the establishment of governance units through federalisation and district council formation may be influencing the importance and salience of these ideas around residency, clan homeland, the subsequent impact on political rights and inclusion in real terms and what this means for the escalating value of land and pursuit of land acquisition.
By understanding the intersection between land ownership, residency and political power/representation it may help shed light on the drivers of land appropriation and in turn opportunities to mitigate this through inclusive and managed state formation processes. This may be particularly insightful and intersect with SSF supported work in the field of District Council Formation and sub-national democratisation, which may fuel motivations for establishing new districts and new villages
The research would not just look at the phenomenon of land appropriation but also issues of historical and clan heritage of land ownership and how facts on the ground in terms of historical presence on land has become a contributory determinant of local power allocation and distribution.
Specifically, the research should seek to answer:
Research 3: Lessons learning from effective land dispute resolution in Somalia and beyond: What works and what can be done?
While much research has elaborated on the institutional limitations and challenges of effective dispute resolution over land ownership, little attention has been paid to identifying the spaces, mechanisms and parameters where land conflict dispute resolution has been effective. The experience of land conflict varies greatly across Somalia and Somali regions more broadly. Furthermore, Somalia is not the first country that has endured protracted conflict to have experienced land conflict. By capturing and understanding instances of effective land dispute resolution from within and beyond Somalia, the intention is to identify potential tools that could be replicated to positive effect.
Research should look at the following:
Approach and Methodology
The research should ensure a gender and social inclusion lens is applied and is cognisant of the differing needs and experiences of women and men, youth and marginal groups when accessing and negotiating power, politics, land conflict and dispute resolution mechanisms. Particular emphasis should be made to recognising the impact of differing land dispute resolution or land management on these different sections of society.
The contracted research partner will be expected to work closely with the Somalia Stability Fund Research Manager to develop the research methodology, frame research questions, analyse the Somali context, identify case studies from which to draw upon and perform a joint analysis from which conclusions and recommendations are drawn.
The key deliverables will be agreed on a piece-by-piece basis however are likely to include the following:
The following personnel and associated skill sets are required. Additional personnel can be proposed (e.g., a Somali advisor or additional field personnel). What is most important is that the team combination adequately covers all necessary knowledge, skills and experience requirements.
I) Land Conflict Research Lead:
II) Somali Advisor:
III) Field researcher:
IV) Desk based researcher:
Location and Duration of Assignment
The assignment is expected to take approximately 18 weeks, taking into consideration SSF feedback and review timelines. The work should be fully completed no later than the 30th September 2021. It is expected that some pieces of work – notably research pieces 2 and 3 – will need to be delivered concurrently and this should be factored into the design and resourcing of the facility.
As the final research materials will be SSF branded (with full citation/recognition of the authors/research supplier), this timeline should include sufficient time for review, copy-editing, design, typesetting and printing. SSF will reserve the right to request the authors to undertake any necessary revisions.
To access the full RFP package, interested Bidders are advised to click on this link: https://bit.ly/3fsU3dc
For clarification questions, please email us at [email protected] no later than Wednesday 07 April 2021 at 2330 HRS (EAT).
Responses to clarification questions will be uploaded no later than, Friday 09 April 2021 at 1700 HRS (EAT) and accessed through the same OneDrive link with the RFP Package: https://bit.ly/3fsU3dc
Interested bidders are invited to attend a bidders’ conference aimed to provide guidance on the submission requirements, that shall be conducted virtually via the link provided below
Bidders will join the meeting by pasting the URL above on a web browser and selecting the Join as a Guest option
The bidder’s conference shall be held on Monday 12 April 2021 between 1000 HRS and 1100 HRS (EAT)
The Technical and Financial proposals will need to be submitted separately in electronic form by Friday 30 April 2021 at 2330 HRS (EAT). The proposals shall be submitted separately to the following addresses:
Technical Proposal: [email protected]
With the following subject title: TECHNICAL PROPOSAL- Consultant Services for a Multi-Regional Somalia Land Conflict Research Facility (SSFMR-042-C01)
Financial Proposal: [email protected]
With the following subject title: FINANCIAL PROPOSAL- Consultant Services for a Multi-Regional Somalia Land Conflict Research Facility (SSFMR-042-C01)
No exceptions will be made for late entries.