2. Purpose of the assignment
The purpose of the consultancy is to produce a comprehensive study on the role of women in the criminal justice response to terrorism and extremism in Iraq in the broader context of the ongoing peace process and work on the implementation of the SC1325 resolution. The outcomes will be presented at a stakeholders’ meeting. The study aims at providing a gendered perspective on policy, planning and technical levels in response to investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences as well as presenting the current role and the future roles of women professionals in CT sectors. The study will take place until the end of June 2019 and will benefit from the relevant parts of the Implementation of Iraq National Action Plan for UNSCR 1325 2014-2018 to enhance the specialized expertise and improve the capacity of national criminal justice officials to implement the international legal framework against terrorism as well as the Resolution on the Women, Peace and Security agenda UNSCR 2242 which addresses radicalization, terrorism and women, specifically impact of counter terrorism on women.
3. Specific tasks to be performed by the consultant
The consultant will carry out the following tasks:
4. Expected tangible and measurable output(s) (Deliverables)
The study research should present an analysis of the following:
The role of women remains marginal. It is important to underline that a country’s commitment to address and cope with the challenges it faces goes hand in hand with the active involvement of both its male and female actors. The study research is expected to examine the current scope of women who currently have access to criminal justice systems (20 female criminal justice officers, 15 law enforcement officers, 15 analysts including financial analysts, 15 civil servants and officials from Ministries and state institutions and 15 judges and trainers from Higher Judicial Institute including Kurdish Institute trained in Baghdad) and explore their current areas of responsibilities and the gaps that need to be addressed. The study as well will cast light on women civil society organizations since they uniquely acquire a thorough understanding of events on the ground and therefore also good source of information for the study.
The study research aims to explain the approaches where women should be empowered to play a crucial role in national counter terrorism efforts. Also, the study research is expected to shed great light on the women that have suffered at the hands of ISIL fighters and suffering from extremely passive role that disqualifies them as potential candidates for countering and preventing terrorism on the one hand, and measures for supporting them in developing their knowledge and capacities and increase their responsiveness to the specific realities facing the Iraqi Government on the other hand.
The research study is expected to explore and document the factors/circumstances that facilitate the engagement of female professionals in criminal justice system on the one hand and the circumstances/factors/obstacles/gaps that culminate into impeding and slowing the integration of female professionals in criminal justice systems and instance investigation and thus lead to the marginalization of women’s roles in national CT efforts.
Proposed actions could comprise providing female professionals with expertise in gendered institutional behavior change; mainstreaming gender into all reforming support, and technical expertise; technical support on forensic investigation and judicial oversight through the bespoke courses offered by the UK to Iraqi investigators and judges. In addition, the research should address the role and effectiveness and Training Needs Analysis of female professionals working in the CT filed, as it entails working within a wide range of policy, law enforcement, investigation and judicial capacity within Iraq and KRG. This will be done through the organisation of numerous activities targeting female officials: Parliamentarians, Judges, FIU officials, analysts, investigators, representatives from the relevant Ministries etc. in an effort to encourage and promote female inclusion in counter terrorism work.